It’s not too difficult to imagine this scenario in the tech and service-sector-heavy American economy.
A working individual wakes up, sits down to have breakfast, sits down in their car to drive 20-60 minutes to an office, wherein they sit for four hours, stand up to go to a lunch break, sit down for a 30-minute lunch break, return to their office and sit down until the working day ends at 4-5 PM whereby they sit in their car on the way home, sit at the dinner table, and sit in front of the television or on a comfy chair for some reading.
Modern physiology is discovering that all this sitting adds up, and that at a certain point of around 13 hours of sitting time, or less than 4,000 steps taken per day, even if this individual had managed to fit a 60-minute run into their busy day, it would be met with a biological ‘resistance to exercise’ and the benefits it brings to metabolic health.
With exercise, as is normally the case, governmental health guidelines recommend the bare minimum amount: that an individual should obtain 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week to stave off conditions like obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. That is essentially two 60-minute runs per week plus a small jog extra, which is exactly how much exercise was used in the discussed 2019 study in the Journal of Applied Physiology.
The study compared results with the recommended exercise amounts suggested by organizations like the American CDC, the World Health Organization, The National Institute of Health, and the Mayo Clinic.