The number of parties interested in mediating a peace, or at minimum a ceasefire, between Kyiv and Moscow has grown, with Indonesia, South Africa, and also Senegal which holds the current chair of the African Union, all either offering their services in mediation or putting out proposals for peace this year.
On June 3rd at the 20th Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, Indonesia’s Minister of Defence Prabowo Subianto announced his country’s plan for an end to current hostility levels, which included a 15-kilometer demilitarized zone to split the current lines of control in a “freezing” of the conflict.
Furthermore, Subianto suggested a presence of UN peacekeepers in the DMZ, and a UN-organized referendum to “to ascertain objectively the wishes of the majority of the inhabitants of the various disputed areas”.
“I propose that the Shangri-La dialogue find a mode of… voluntary declaration urging both Ukraine and Russia to immediately start negotiations for peace,” Prabowo said.
In response, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba on Wednesday continued his administration’s hard line against a ceasefire whilst Russia retains control of large parts of the country’s east.
“If anyone thinks they should freeze the conflict and then see how to solve it, they don’t understand it,” Kuleba said during an online briefing with African journalists, according to Reuters.
Indonesia’s proposal follows President Joko Widodo’s visit year to Moscow and Kyiv where he offered his country’s services as a mediator.