PICTURED: The entrance of Baroghil National Park, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. Photo credit: Abdul Wasiq. CC 3.0.
A full 10 Years before nations and firms are evaluated for the United Nations 18 Sustainable Development Goals 2030 (SDG), Pakistan have already met the criteria for SDG 13, which calls on nations to take urgent action against climate change and its effects.
Pakistan isn’t the richest country, but they have a major incentive to get the climate question right, as they are ranked among the most vulnerable nations to the direct climatic and meteorological effects of global climate change.
Malik Amin Islam, advisor to the Premier on climate change, announced that in the UN’s 2020 Sustainable Development Report, Pakistan had met the SDG 13 through her implementation of a variety of programs.
“With the achieving of the Climate Action SDG 13, Pakistan has proved that it is committed to global efforts against the challenge of climate change to protect life on the planet earth,” he told reporters.
From strength to strength
Major initiatives on the path to the fulfillment of SDG 13 included the 10 Billion Tree Tsunami Project, launched in 2015 by Imran Khan, that aimed to reforest degraded land on and surrounding the Hindu Kush Mountains in the northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.
Part of the Bonn Challenge to restore and reforest degraded land on earth, it took only around two years to restore 348,000 hectares of ground with a mixture of mass planting and natural regeneration.
Another program is the Clean Green Pakistan Index that ranks cities and towns based on the quality of solid and liquid waste treatment and removal, sanitation and drinking water services, and parks and green spaces.
The communities that attain the highest scores receive a reward in recognition of their work.
In this article from the IUCN written by Amin Islam himself, the advisor outlines another of the pillars in Pakistan’s progress towards SDG 13 – the Protected Areas Initiative, by beginning with a quote from American author Henry David Thoreau: “In wildness is the preservation of the world.”
Explaining the value inherent in preserving Pakistan’s protected areas, Amin Islam writes: “these protected refuges of nature also create a payback mechanism by creating spaces for human recreation, promoting ecotourism, generating green jobs, enhancing resilience to natural disasters, contributing to food and water security through ecosystem restoration and addressing issues such as climate change by sequestering carbon.”
The Protected Areas Initiative aims to cloak the 15% of the country that exists as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the finest possible ecological management plans and community conservation funds.
Everything to gain, everything to lose
According to Germanwatch, a sustainable development advocacy group advising for the Climate Risk 2020 report, Pakistan is the fifth most-vulnerable nation in the long term to extreme weather events owing to its geographical position, and has been in the top ten for the last 30 years.
“This means that the our economy is at peril from climate catastrophes and this is not alone an environmental challenge but also an issue affecting our economy, human health, agriculture and ecosystem,” said Amin Islam.
“Turning to renewable energy and a range of other measures that will reduce emissions and increase adaptation efforts is a key way forward as a part of viable climate action,” he added, according to The News Pakistan.
Imran Khan, the Prime Minister of the country, announced that energy companies were withdrawing from plans to construct a series of 2,740-megawatt imported coal projects auctioned off by the previous government, pivoting instead to zero carbon and indigenous hydroelectric projects of a much higher, 3,700-megawatt capacity.
Pakistan has a gross domestic product, that while on the rise, still amounts to only $316 billion U.S. a year.
Keeping in mind that GDP isn’t the finest measure of economic conditions, this is less than half of the recently-passed $740 billion dollar U.S. National Defense Authorization Act of 2021.
Pakistan’s success in contrast to limited resources demonstrates that it doesn’t always have to be “superpowers” that take the lead on the world stage, but rather countries that have the will and the talent to make positive changes.